The

Temple Gallery

Established 1959

Saint Anna Kashinskaya - exhibited at the Temple Gallery, specialists in Russian icons

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YY031. Saint Anna Kashinskaya

АННА КАШИНСКАЯ
Ivan Malishev (1810-1880)
Russian, signed and dated 1862
Panel: 26.5 x 22 cmClick here to convert metric size to imperial

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Ivan Malishev (1810-1880) was a Church Elder (Starost) at the great Monastery of Saint Sergius (Sergeyev Posad) and director of the iconography workshop there. He was greatly renowned as an icon painter in his day and his works are hung in churches throughout Russia. He is buried in the Monastery of Saint Sergius.

The Holy Right-believing Princess Anna of Kashin was a daughter of Prince Dmitry Borisovich of Rostov and a great-granddaughter of Prince Vasily of Rostov. From her earliest years Anna was brought up as a devout Christian. Her teacher was Saint Ignatius, Bishop of Rostov (d. 1288), who was noted for strict selflessness and pacifism. When the princess grew up, Anna became the wife of Prince Mikhail of Tver in 1294.

In 1294, her father died, and in 1295 a terrible fire destroyed Tver. Soon after this, Anna and Mikhail's first-born daughter, Feodora, fell severely ill and died in infancy. In 1296, another fire destroyed their palace and the prince and princess made a narrow escape. In 1317 a war began between her husband and Prince Yury of Moscow.

In 1318 the princess said goodbye to her husband forever, he was summoned to the Horde, where he was brutally tortured to death on 22 November 1318. Only in July of the following year did Anna hear about her husband's martyrdom. Learning that Mikhail's remains had been brought to Moscow, she sent an embassy there, and her husband's body was transferred to Tver and buried in Preobrazhensky cathedral.

In 1325, her eldest son, Dimitry, was tortured by the Mongol Horde. In 1327, her second son, Alexander, broke the Tartar army, which devastated the duchy. In revenge Uzbeg Khan gathered a new army and destroyed Tver; Prince Alexander was forced to hide in Pskov. For ten years, Anna did not see her son, and in 1339 Prince Alexander and his son Feodor were killed by the Horde.

After the death of Prince Mikhail, Anna carried out an old desire "to work in silence only for God." She took vows in the Sofia monastery in Tver and adopted the name Evfrosiniya. In 1365 the youngest son of the princess, Vasiliy, by then her only surviving child, entreated his mother to move to his principality. The Uspensky monastery was built in Kashin, and there the saint accepted the schema with the name of Anna. She died of old age on 2 October, 1368, and was buried in the cathedral temple of the Blessed Virgin.

She is shown wearing the analav or Great Schema, the highest order of monasticism in Orthodoxy.

‘Anna Kashinskaya’ is Russian slang for mineral water when ordering drinks in a bar.